What is Python? Why choose Python?
Python is a powerful, object-oriented, programming language created by Guido van Rossum. It is easy to learn and is emerging as one of the best introductory programming languages for novice programmers. Python is fully dynamically styled and uses automatic memory allocation mechanisms. Python has a strong high-level data structure and a simple yet effective approach to object-oriented programming. Python command syntax is a huge plus because of its clarity, comprehensiveness, and flexible typing that make it an ideal language for scripting and application development in many fields, and most of which all the platforms.
Today, we will learn about Python, the advantages and capabilities of this programming language.
The history of Python.
Python is a fairly old language created by Guido Van Rossum. The design began in the late 1980s and was first released in February 1991.
Why Python was created?
In the late 1980s, Guido Van Rossum worked in Amoeba, distributing an operating system group. He wants to use an interpreted language like ABC (ABC has a very easy to understand syntax) to access the Amoeba call system. So he decided to create an extended language. This led to a design of the new language, which was Python later.
Why is it called Python?
Well, Python is not named after the Python serpent in Greek myth. Rossum was a fan of a comedy series in the late 1970s, and the name "Python" was taken from a part of the series "Monty Python’s Flying Circus".
Python versions have released
Python 1.0 (The first standard release)
Python 1.6 (The last 1.x version)
Python 2.0 (List comprehension introduction)
Python 2.7 (The last 2.x version)
Python 3.0 (Eliminate duplicate structures and modules)
Python 3.6 (Latest version as of the time of writing)
Main features of Python
Simple and easy to learn programming language: Python has a very simple and clear syntax. It is much easier to read and write when compared to other programming languages like C ++, Java, C #. Python makes programming become more interested, allowing you to focus on solutions rather than syntax.
Free, open-source: You are free to use and distribute Python, even for commercial use. Because it is open-source, you can not only use software and programs written in Python but also change its source code. Python has a large community, constantly improving it with every update.
Portability: Python programs can move from platform to platform and run it without any changes. It runs seamlessly on almost all platforms like Windows, macOS, Linux.
Scalable and embeddable: Assuming an application requires great complexity, you can easily combine code in C, C ++ and other languages (callable from C) into it. Python code. This will give your application better features as well as scripting capabilities that other programming languages can hardly do.
High-level interpreting language: Unlike C / C ++, with Python, you do not have to worry about difficult tasks like memory management, cleaning up meaningless data, etc, when running Python code, it will automatically convert the code into an understandable computer language. You do not need to worry about any low-level activities.
Large standard library for common tasks: Python has a large number of standard libraries that make your programming work much easier, simply because you don't have to write all your code yourself. For example: Do you need to connect MySQL database on a Web server? You can enter the MySQLdb library and use it. These libraries are thoroughly tested and used by hundreds of people. So you can be sure that it will not damage your code or application.
Object-oriented: Everything in Python is object-oriented. Object-oriented programming (OOP) helps solve complicated problems visually. With OOP, you can divide complicated problems into smaller sets by creating objects.
Where is Python applied?
Web application development: You can create scalable web apps using the framework and CMS (Content Management System) integrated into Python. Some popular platforms for creating web apps are Django, Flask, Pyramid, Plone, Django CMS. Sites like Mozilla, Reddit, Instagram and PBS are all written in Python.
Science and computing: There are many libraries in Python for science and data computing, such as SciPy and NumPy, which are used for general purposes in computing. And, there are specific libraries like EarthPy for earth sciences, AstroPy for Astronomy, etc. In addition, Python is also heavily used in machine learning, data exploring and deep learning.
Creating software prototypes: Python is slower when compared to compiled languages like C ++ and Java. It may not be a good option if resources are limited and efficiency requirements are required. However, Python is a great language for creating prototypes (prototypes). For example, you can use Pygame (game library) to create game prototypes first. If you like that prototype, you can use C ++ to write real games.
Good language to teach programming: Python is applied by many companies and schools to teach programming for children and first-time programmers. Besides the great features and capabilities, it's simple and easy to use syntax is the main reason for this.
4 reasons to learn Python if you are a novice programming
Python programming is very interesting. It is easy to understand and code in Python. Why? Python's syntax is quite similar to natural language, for example, the code below:
a = 2
b = 3
sum = a + b
Even if you have never programmed it, you can easily guess this code in addition to a, b, sum and print their sum.
Not too strict:
You don't need to specify the type of a variable in Python, you don't need to add a semicolon at the end of the statement. Python forces you to follow existing exercises (like the correct instructions). This little thing makes learning Python much easier for newbies.
Write less code:
Python allows writing programs with better functionality with fewer lines of code. You can refer to the source code game Tic-tac-toe (https://pastebin.com/7LTkj2V5) with graphical interface and smart computer opponent with less than 500 lines of code. This is just an example. You might be surprised at what Python can do by digging deeper into it.
Large community, good support:
Python has a large support community, there are many online forums that help you when you're stuck with something in Python:
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