Vietnamese cultural specificities
1. Vietnamese culture is diversity.
Vietnam consists of 54 ethnic groups. The most crowned group is Kinh, living mainly in the Red River Delta with the very famous Red River civilization. Other ethnic groups are scattered across the mountains. Each group has its own beliefs, cuisine and specialities.
Cham culture is one of the earliest cultures in Vietnamese history. Despite cultural differences, 54 ethnic groups always live peacefully, without distinction and in solidarity and development.
Diversity in the region also creates diversity in Vietnam's culture. The S-shaped strip of land is divided into three regions: the North, the Central and the South. The North called Northern in Vietnamese is the cradle of Vietnamese civilization. The Central region is dominated by mountains and coastline. Culture in the Central region is influenced by the Truong Son mountain range and the coast. The South has the Mekong Delta. This is the largest agricultural production area of Vietnam.
2. Beliefs and religions in Vietnamese culture
Vietnamese ideology is influenced by Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism. Vietnamese people have no religion. Therefore, when you explore Vietnamese culture, you will find many religious constructions from Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, and so on. Many of them are attractive tourist destinations like the Temple. Mariamman Hinduism, Notre Dame Cathedral in Ho Chi Minh City, One Pillar Pagoda, and Temple of Literature.
Ancestor worship is beauty in Vietnamese cultural values. All Vietnamese people never forget their origin. On special days such as New Year, the first day or the fifteenth day of the month (according to the Lunar calendar), Vietnamese people often burn incense and there are some things like fruit offerings. Ancestor worship has long existed in Vietnam. Up to now, Vietnamese people still keep their worship to show respect to the deceased.
3. Cuisine - typical Vietnamese culture specificity.
Vietnamese cuisine contains regional in character, each region has a different way of processing, enjoying and taste. The food is extremely diverse among regions. The main food in Vietnamese meals is rice.
You can find rice fields in almost all places in Vietnam. In Vietnamese culture, typical dishes with many flavours such as sweet, sour, spicy and special flavours from sauces．
Pho is a specific dish of Vietnamese people, a must-try food for tourists. Pho is made from rice, beef, broth and served with lemon and chilli.
Ao dai has been considered the national costume of the Vietnamese people. The design of the ao dai has changed over time. Before the long dress is worn by men and women. Today, it is worn primarily by women. Ao dai is the uniqueness of Vietnamese cultural beauty..
5. Traditional festival in Vietnamese culture
The festival is one of the special features in Vietnamese culture. The diversity of ethnic religions makes Vietnam become one of the countries with many festivals. The festival is organized to remember cultural events.
There are 2 parts to festivals: rituals and festival. The ritual is to pay respect to nature and dreams of everyone about health, wealth, luck and happiness for themselves and their relatives. The festivals are unique in terms of culture, community, religion, etc.
The two biggest traditional festivals are Tet and Hung King anniversary. During the Lunar New Year, each region organizes its own festivals such as Hoi Lim in Bac Ninh province, Hoi Giong in Soc Son, Huong Pagoda Festival in Hanoi. The Hung King Commemoration is held annually from the March 8th to the 11th in the lunar calendar.
Thus, the specificities of Vietnamese culture have existed for a long time. Over the years, many cultural flows have been introduced into Vietnam, but Vietnamese people are always aware of the importance of preserving national culture and promoting traditional values.